List of Education Schemes in India Useful for UGC NET/IAS/PCS/SSC/BANK PO/SSI/CTET

  1. Sarva  Shiksha  Abhiyan  ( SSA)-2001
  2. Right to Education ( RTE), 2009

Free education for 6 to 14 yes of child by RTE act 2009

RTE effective from 1 April 2010

2 – National Program of Mid Day Meal School

450 calories of energy & protein content of 12 grams is for primary stage

700 calories of energy & protein content of 20 grams at upper primary stage and other iron, vitamin A or folic acid also recommend in line of ( NRHM)

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3- Rashtriya Madhyamic Shiksha Abhiyan –2009

4-Sarv Siksha Abhiyan -2001

5- Sakshar Bharat – 2009

6- Operation Black board – 1987

7-National literary Mission –1988

8-Agenda- 21

It refer to 21st century, is a 300 page document over 40 chapters, grouped in 4 agreement

United Nation Development Program (UNDP)-Human Development Report (HDR) -2016

(Based on total -188 countries)

Theme: Human Development for Everyone

Rank: India -131 rank and Score is 0.624 in 2016   (130 rank in 2015)

Note: India was placed in medium human dev elopement category

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Top  3 countries :    1 rank  Norway ( 0.949)  2 rank Australia ( o.939)  3 rank  Switzerland  ( 0.939)

Top SAARC Countries:  Sri Lanka (73 rank) 2- Maldives (105 rank) both come under high Human Development category, India (131 rank), Bhutan ( 132 rank), Bangladesh (139 rank),  Nepal( 144 rank) Pakistan (147 rank)  and Afghanistan  (169 rank)

Top BRICS countries:  Russia (49 rank), Brazil (79 rank), China (90 rank) and South Africa (119 rank)

Life Expectancy at birth: India (68.3 Average where 69.9 years for women 66.9 years for men)

Access to Knowledge: Mean year of schooling – 6.3 years

Expected year of schooling-11.7 years

India GNI on PPP (Purchasing Power Parity): $ 5,663

Gender inequality Index: 125th out of 159 countries and Ratio of Maternal mortality is 174 out of 100,000 births


Main characteristics and various aspects of Indian economy are :

1- Agrarian Economy : Even after six – decades of independence 58.2% of the work  force of India is still agriculturist and its contribution to gross domestic product in 2011 – 12 is 14.1%

 2-Developing Economy : The following facts show that Indian economy is a devloping economy

(a) Level of unemployment is very high unemployment in India is mainly structural in natuer because the productive capacity is inadequate to create sufficent number of jobs

(b) Savings are low in India due to low national income and high consumption  expenditure

3-Mixed Economy : Indian Economy is a  unique blend of public and private sector i.e. a mixed economy after liberalisation Indian economy is going ahead as a capitalist economy or market economy

4- Important facts relating to characteristics of Indian economy:

  • Primary sector of Indian economy is agriculture and the related sectors .the contribution of agriculture sector in G D P in 2008-09 was 18.9%
  • Secondary sectorof Indian economy is related to industry manufacturing electricity etc its contribution to GDP is approximately 23.8%
  • Tertiary sector of Indian economy is related to business transport communication and services Its contribution in GDP is approximately 57,3% in 2008-09
  • The  contribution of public sector in the gross production is less than 20%
  • The best indicator of economic development of any country is per capita income .
  • The following factors are important in economic development of a devloping country :                   1- Natural resources  2- Capital gain  3- Skilled labour force  4- Surplus sale of agriculture  5 – Justified social   organisation 6- Political freedom 7- Freedom from corruption  8- Technological knowledge and general education .