UGC NET Business Management AND OB MCQ


  1. According to Organisational Culture Inventory (OCI), an organisation in which members are encouraged to work together in ways that meet higher order human needs is classified as having a _________ culture.

(A) Constructive          (B) motivational      (C) Passive            (D) high achievement

  1. A matrix structure of organisation

(A) reinforces unity of command             (B) is inexpensive

(C) is easy to explain to the employees  (D) gives to some employees more than one boss

3.Organisational development (OD) is a planned change plus

(A) Evaluation                        (B) Intervention   (C) Ability for self-renewal  (D) Reinforcement

  1. Which of the following is a correct match ?

(A) McClelland – ERG Theory  (B) Skinner – Reinforcement Theory

(C) Vroom – Equity Theory   (D) Locke – Expectancy Theory

5 Corporate governance mechanism should ensure that corporate executive make strategic decisions that serve the entire group of

  • (A )Environmentalists (B) Government officials (C) Suppliers (D) Shareholders
  1. When we judge someone on the basis of our perception of the group to which he or she belongs, we are using the shortcut, called ________

(A) Selective Perceptive (B) Halo effect (C) Contrast effect (D) Stereotyping

  1. As per Roceach value survey, which of the following is not an instrumental value ?

(A) Ambitious (B) Imagination (C) Wise (D) Capable

  1. Which one is the correct combination ?

(A) Theory of Conditioning – Bernara (B) Operant Conditioning Theory – B.F. Skinner

(C) Stimulus Response Theory – Hoodman (D) Theory of Associates

  1. As __________, managers receive a wide variety of information and serve as the nerve centres of internal and external information of the organization.

(A) Leaders (B) Monitors (C) Distribution handlers (D) Resource allocators

  1. Match the following :
  2. Evaluative statements or judgements concerning objects, people or events i. Attitudes
  3. The opinion or belief segment of an attitude ii. Cognitive Component
  4. The emotional or feeling segment of an attitude iii. Affective Component
  5. An intention to behave in a certain way towards someone or something iv. Behavioural component


Codes :                   a b c d

(A) i ii iii iv

(B) iv iii ii i

(C) iv ii iii i

(D) i iii ii iv

  1. The ability to understand, communicate with, motivate and support other people, both individually and in groups, defines which of the following management skills?

(A) Hard Skills (B) Soft Skills (C) Conceptual Skills (D) Political Skills

  1. Performance = f (M, A, e). In this expression ‘e’ stands for

(A) Efficiency (B) Effectiveness (C) Environment (D) Entrepreneurship

  1. The form of learning in which people acquire new behaviours by systematically observing the rewards and punishments given to others is known as

(A) Operant conditioning (B) Positive reinforcement (C) Modelling (D) Law of effect

  1. Diffusion of routine information takes place through

(A) Downward Communication (B) Upward Communication  (C) Horizontal Comm (D) External Comm

  1. An integrated group of activities to bring about a change is known as

(A) Organisation development (B) Interventions (C) OCTAPACE (D) Collaborative culture

Note: The eight important basic values or ethos are as – openness, confrontation, trust, authenticity, proaction, autonomy, collaboration and experimentation. The coined term OCTAPACE is a very meaningful and it shows – eight means Octa and pace means steps and thus, together means the functional ethos of any organization.

  1. Match the following:
  2. Motivation is a function of fairness in social exchanges. 1. Expectancy Theory
  3. People are motivated to behave in ways that produce valued outcomes. 2. Alderfer’s ERG Theory
  4. Determining specific levels of performance for workers to attain and then striving to attain them.
  5. Equity Theory
  6. When people are frustrated by their inability to meet needs at the next higher level in the hierarchy, they regress to the next lower category of needs and intensify their desire to gratify these needs.
  7. Goal Setting Theory Codes :            a b c d              (A) 1 2 3 4                   (B) 4 3 2 1                    (C) 3 1 4 2                 (D) 3 4 1 2
  8. Match the following :
  9. Selfefficacy                        1. Determining specific levels of performance for workers to attain them
  10. Goal setting  2. The belief that one’s efforts will positively influence one’s performance.
  11. Expectancy  3. People strive to maintain ratio of their own outcomes to their own                                                                                                             inputs that are equal to that of those with whom they compare themselves
  12. Equity Theory                     4. One’s belief about having the capacity to perform a task.

Codes :          a b c d

(A) 1 2 3 4

(B) 4 1 2 3

(C) 3 4 1 2

(D) 2 3 4 1

  1. The psychological contract is:

A-The match between individual and organisational expectations

B- The changing relationship between staff and manager

C-The basis for performance management

D-A set of moral and ethical codes for employee behavior

  1. Which approach to the study of organisational behaviour emphasises the formal structure, hierarchy of management, the technical requirements and the assumption of rational behaviour?

A-The systems approach   B-The contingency theory  C-The human relations approach       D-The classical approach

  1. Which of the following statements are not correct ? Indicate the correct code.

Statement I : Organizational culture means the general pattern of behaviour, belief and values that organization members have in individuality.

Statement II : As per contingency theory of Leadership, people become leader only because of the demand of group members.

Statement III : The group judgment can only be obtained through the formal committees.

Statement IV : Ombudsperson in communication function is a person assigned to

investigate employee concerns and providing valuable upward communication link.

Codes :

(1) Statements I, II and IV (2) Statements I, III and IV

(3) Statements I, II and III (4) Statements II, III and IV.

  1. Which among the following is not a physical barrier of communication ?

(1) Poor vocabulary (2) Noise  (3) Improper time (4) Overload information

  1. Statement – I : Management control seeks to compel events to conform to plans.

Statement – II : Controlling is determining what is motivational to the employees of the


Code :

(1) Statement – I is correct but II is incorrect.         (2) Statement – II is correct but I is incorrect

(3) Both the statements I and II are correct    (4) Both the statements I and II are incorrect

  1. Assertion (A) : Sound planning is one of the essential elements for the success of corporate


Reasoning (R) : Planning is deciding in advance what is to be done. It involves the selection

of objectives, policies, procedures and programmes from among alternatives.

Code :

(1) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the right explanation of (A)

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the right explanation of (A).

(3) Both the statements (A) and (R) are incorrect.

(4) (A) is correct but (R) is incorrect.

  1. Match the items of List – I with List – II and indicate the correct code of their matching

relating to human resource management philosophy :

List – I List – II

(a) Rational System Approach                                                   (i) F.W. Taylor

(b) Experiments to improve productivity                                (ii) Max Weber

(c) Social System Approach                                                      (iii) A.K. Rice

(d) Functional organisation concept                                        (iv) Hawthorne studies

Code :

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i).

(2) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)

(3) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)

(4) (iii) (i) (ii) (iv)

  1. Match the items of List – I with List – II ; and choose the correct code of combination :

List – I List – II

(a) The Fundamentals of Top Management         (i) Peter F. Drucker

(b) Middle Management                                          (ii) R.C. Davis

(c) The Essence of Management                            (iii) E.L.F. Brech

(d) Principles and Practice of Management         (iv) Mary Caushing Nile:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i).   (2) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)  (3) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)   (4) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

  1. Assertion (A) : Due to these experiments (Time, Motion and Fatigue Studies ) a factory

does not remain a factory, it is converted into a laboratory.

Reasoning (R) : Management succeeds or fails as human relations in business are intelligently

or unintelligently handled.

Code :

(1) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the right explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the right explanation of (A)

(3) (A) is correct but (R) is not correct. (4) (R) is correct but (A) is not correct.

  1. Who among the following is not associated with theories of motivation ?

(1) A.H. Maslow (2) Cris Argyris-maturity theory  (3) Frederick Herzberg (4) Peter F. Drucker.

  1. As per the Herzberg’s Hygiene Theory of motivation, which among the following is not a

motivational factor ?

(1) Recognition (2) Working Conditions. (3) Responsibility (4) Achievements

  1. Which of the following factors is an example of a factor affecting national culture referred to by Brooks?

A-Mistrust        B-Individualism   C-Sensitivity  D-Values.

  1. Which approach to the study of organisational behaviour emphasises the formal structure, hierarchy of management, the technical requirements and the assumption of rational behaviour?

A-The systems approach         B-The contingency theory

C-The human relations approach    D-The classical approach

  1. Which of the following best defines the term “span of control”?

A-The vertical graduation of authority and responsibility

B-The length of the manager’s arms   C-The number of subordinates who report directly to a given manager

D-The responsibility the supervisor has for the actions of their subordinates

  1. A policy ________________?

A-Provides the basis for decision making and the course of action to follow to achieve objectives.

B-Is a set of managerial objectives        C-Both of the above     D-Neither of the above



सीबीएसई यूजीसी नेट-जेआरफ परीक्षा पैटर्न में 2018 से बदलाव:

केंद्रीय माध्यमिक शिक्षा बोर्ड ने यूजीसी नेट की परीक्षा के लिए ऑनलाइन आवेदन जारी कर दिया है। आवेदन करने की अंतिम तारीख 5 अप्रैल 2018 है, ये परीक्षा 8 जुलाई को 84 विषयों में देशभर के 91 शहरों में आयोजित कराई जाएगी।

अनिवार्य सूचनां:

* उम्मीदवार इस परीक्षा के लिए आधिकारिक वेबसाइट पर जाकर आवेदन कर सकते हैं।

* नेट के लिए सभी जरूरी जानकारी भरने के बाद परीक्षा फीस जमा करनी होगी। इसके लिए उम्मीदवार क्रेडिट/डेबिट कार्ड या ई-चालान को चुन सकते हैं।

Syllabus (UGC) NET:

Paper 1:  Teaching aptitude, Research aptitude, Reading Comprehension, Communication, Information and communication Technology, Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Data Interpretation, Polity and Governance, People environment.

Paper 2: Please see here syllabus for paper 2


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1. An unsolicited e-mail message sent to many recipient at once is a________
1. Worm
2. Virus
3. Threat
4. Spam
Answer: 4
2. The statement “ the study, development, implementation, support or
management of computer-based information systems, particularly software
applications and computer hardware” refers to
1. Information Technology (IT)
2. Information and collaborative Technology (ICT)
3. Information and data Technology (IDT)
4. Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Answer: 1
3. If the binary equivalent of the decimal number 48 is 110000, then the binary
equivalent of the decimal number 51 is given by
1. 110011
2. 110010
3. 110001
4. 110100
Answer: 1
4. Identify the air pollutant in urban areas which irritates eyes and also respiratory
tract of human beings.
1. Particulate matter
2. Oxides of nitrogen
3. Surface ozone
4. Carbon monoxide
Answer: 3
5. Which of the following is the largest source of water pollution in major rivers of India?
1. Untreated sewage
2. Agriculture run-off
3. Unregulated small scale industries
4. Religious practices
Answer: 1
6. Sustainable development goals have specific targets to be achieved by
1. 2022
2. 2030
3. 2040
4. 2050
Answer: 2
7. Indian government’s target of producing power from biomass by the year 2022, is
1. 50 MW
2. 25 MW
3. 15 MW
4. 10 MW
Answer: 4
8. Assertion (A): Conserving our soil resources is critical to human survival.Reason
(R): Soil is home to many micro-organisms and contains minerals.Choose the correct
1. Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2. Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
3. (A) is true and (R) is false
4. (A) is false and (R) is true
Answer: 2
9. World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) objective has been to reduce the number of deaths due to hydro meteorological disasters over the decade 2010 –2019 by (with reference to the decade 1994 – 2003)
1. 25%
2. 50%
3. 75%
4. 80%
Answer: 2
10. ________is a type of memory circuitry that holds the computer’s start-up routine.
1. RIM (Read Initial Memory)
2. RAM (Random Access Memory)
3. ROM (Read Only Memory)
4. Cache Memory
Answer: 3
11. An ASCII is a character-encoding scheme that is employed by personal computers in order to represent various characters, numbers and control keys that the computer used selects on the keyboard. ASCII is an acronym for
1. American Standard Code for Information Interchange
2. American Standard Code for Intelligent Information
3. American Standard Code for Information Integrity
4. American Standard Code for Isolated Information
Answer: 1
12. The National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) has been declared unconstitutional by
1. The Supreme Court of India
2. The High Court
3. The High Court and the Supreme Court both
4. The President of India
Answer: 1
13. Which of the following statements about the Indian political system is/are correct?
(a) The president is both Head of the State and Head of the Government.
(b) Parliament is Supreme.
(c) The Supreme Court is the guardian of the Constitution.
(d) The Directive Principles of State Policy are justifiable.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
1. (a), (b), (c) and (d)
2. (b), (c) and (d)
3. (b) and (c)
4. (c) only
Answer: 4
14. Which of the following are the fundamental duties?
(a) To respect the National Flag.
(b) To protect and improve the natural environment.
(c) For a parent to provide opportunities for education to his/her child.
(d) To protect monuments and places of national importance.
Select the correct answer from the codes given:
(1) (a), (b) and (c)
(2) (a), (b) and (d)
(3) (a), (c) and (d)
(4) (a), (b), (c) and (d)
Answer: 4
15. Which of the following statements are correct in respect of Niti Aayog?
(a) It is a constitutional body.
(b) It is a statutory body.
(c) It is neither a constitutional body nor a statutory body.
(d) It is a think-tank.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(1) (a) and (d)
(2) (b) and (d)
(3) (c) and (d)
(4) (b), (c) and (d)
Answer: 3

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