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Communication and Transport Notes Question Answer

At present, transportation and communication means are a major part of our life. Transportation assists in moving goods from production areas to consumption areas, in trade and commerce. Communication informs us about the events and trends in the world. The country depends on the following means of transportation for the growth and development of people – land, water, and air.

Land transportation can mainly be divided into two parts – road and rail. Roads are generally used as the primary means of transportation. Through roads, we reach railway stations, airports, and seaports. Roads connect rural areas to urban areas. Roads are divided into two parts – unpaved roads and paved roads.

Railways are the cheapest means of transportation, through which thousands of people travel together from one place to another in the country for the purposes of education, trade, pilgrimage, or meeting friends or relatives. It transports the largest quantity of heavy goods like coal, cement, food grains, fertilizers, petroleum, automobiles from industries to consumption areas. It has attracted more employment, trade, education, commerce, banking, etc., in urban areas or big cities, and the density of the railway network is higher there for people to commute.

Water transportation is the cheapest compared to other means. Through water transportation, heavy goods can be easily transported from one place to another. Waterways are divided into two parts – inland waterways and sea routes. Inland waterways play a better role in reducing traffic load on highways. The Indian sea route plays a major role through coastal and international navigation.

Through airways, you can reach your destination quickly without any interruptions. At present, it is an important means of transportation like road and rail transport. It is most important due to its utility in national defense. It is free from any obstruction like rugged mountains, dense forests, marshy land, or flood areas. It is extremely useful for rescuing people or fulfilling their needs in natural or other disasters.

Communication is also a means of carrying ideas, information, and messages, and sharing joys and sorrows with family members or friends. E-mail has emerged as the fastest means of communication and is almost free. Different means of communication can be divided into two parts – private means of communication and means of mass communication. Private means of communication are known through postal services and telephone services. Through means of mass communication, information can be given to a large number of people. This is called media or mass communication.

Communication and Transport Notes Question Answer

Question 1: Why are transportation and communication means considered the lifeline of a country’s economy?

Answer: Transportation and communication means are a major part of our life at present. Transportation is the primary medium for people’s travel from one place to another for education, job search, or urgent tasks. Communication informs us about the events and trends in the world. It brings positive changes in people’s lives, strengthening their economic status. The country’s economic development is driven by transportation means like railways, roads, waterways, airways, and communication means like postal services, telegraphs, telephones, radio, and television. Their importance has increased in the modern era, and hence, they are called the lifelines of the country’s economy.

Question 2: Describe the advantages and disadvantages of road transport.

Answer: Through roads, we reach railway stations, airports, and seaports. Roads provide door-to-door service via rickshaws, cars, bicycles, scooters, or trucks. Roads connect rural areas to urban areas. For some people, roads are the cheapest and most convenient means of transportation for short-distance goods transportation. During heavy rain, floods, and cyclones, there are problems in road transportation.

Question 3: What is the significance of waterways for India?

Answer: Waterways are the cheapest means of transportation for India compared to other means because they do not involve any additional construction or maintenance expenses. Waterways are very useful for large and heavy transport. A ship can carry millions of tons of goods at a time. It is better for petroleum transport and involves the transfer of products across continents. Inland waterways play a major role in reducing the traffic load on highways. It also aids in the transportation of goods. Transportation of passengers and goods between ports on the country’s coast is done through sea routes, which also play a major role in international navigation.

Question 4: Explain the importance of communication in your day-to-day activities.

Answer: Communication has a significant importance in our daily activities. It is needed for carrying our thoughts, information, and messages and sharing joys and sorrows with family members or friends. Various means of communication are used, such as writing letters, sending telegrams, radio, television, computer technology, newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, fax, e-mail, for business, trade, and other services. E-mail has emerged as the fastest means of communication and is almost free. Scientific advancement and technology have brought revolutionary changes in the communication system, bringing people closer together and turning the world into a global village.

Question 5: Differentiate between private communication and mass communication.

Answer: Private communication means include postal services and telephone services. Postal service is the largest means in the world. Although letter writing is not as popular now, it is still important. Telephone service is the most prominent and widely used means of communication today. It is quick, cheap, and a basic essential service.

On the other hand, mass communication means provide information to a large number of people. Mass media includes television, newspapers, films, magazines, radio, advertisements, CDs, etc. These means are called mass media because they reach a large audience of viewers, listeners, and readers simultaneously.

Question 6: List five problems you experienced during your last train journey and provide a suggestion for each problem.

Answer: During the journey, the following problems were faced:

  1. Overcrowding
  2. Poor hygiene in restrooms
  3. Delays in schedule
  4. Lack of proper food options
  5. Unavailability of charging points

Suggestions for each problem:

  1. Increase the number of coaches during peak times.
  2. Regular and thorough cleaning of restrooms.
  3. Improve rail infrastructure and punctuality management.
  4. Provide a wider variety of hygienic food options.
  5. Install more charging points in each coach.

Question 7: Write a report on the changes happening through television.

Answer: Television programs began broadcasting in India in 1959 to promote rural development. Educational broadcasts were initially aired for four hours daily on thousands of TV sets. Each broadcast center had its programs, including news, children’s and women’s programs, farmer’s programs, and entertainment programs.

These were shown in cinemas before the main film to inform audiences about government development processes. Currently, most channels broadcast 24/7. Television has encouraged public debates, with news becoming more dynamic and informal. The number of news channels in Hindi and English is increasing, along with regional channels. Reality shows, talk shows, Bollywood shows, family dramas, sports shows, and comedy shows are also growing in number. Reality shows like ‘Kaun Banega Crorepati’, ‘Indian Idol’, and ‘Big Boss’ are becoming increasingly popular. Television programs have promoted social awareness while also attempting to address social evils and superstitions.

Question 8: What tactics do private TV channels adopt for commercial success? Explain with examples.

Answer: Private TV channels often present sensational programs for commercial success. They deepen the mystery and show programs in multiple episodes to maintain audience curiosity. By presenting spicy, especially sex-related content, they increase their ratings.

The government film division used to present films and documentaries, and recently ‘sting operations’ have exposed many hidden ‘acts’. Most TV channels aim to show some mystery program.

Question 9: How has internet media assimilated the world?

Answer: Internet journalism has brought the world very close. With the help of the internet, a person sitting anywhere can directly talk to someone on any issue from any corner of the world. It facilitates conferences, discussions, and open forums. Reaching people has become very easy now.

Question 10: Discuss the potential of FM stations in India post-liberalization.

Answer: After newspapers and magazines, radio has had the most significant impact on the world. FM (Frequency Modulation) started in 1993. Subsequently, many private companies entered the radio sector. In 1997, All India Radio and Doordarshan were taken out of the central government’s direct control and handed over to ‘Prasar Bharati’, an autonomous body. Today, more than 350 private FM channels operate in 90 cities across the country.

With the advent of TV, the internet, and other mass communication means, the popularity and utility of radio have certainly declined, but it is not disappearing. In remote areas of India, where other means have not reached or where there is no proper electricity supply, the radio is the primary means.

Question 11: When was ‘Vividh Bharati’ included in All India Radio, and how did it benefit All India Radio?

Answer: In addition to news broadcasts, All India Radio also had the popular channel ‘Vividh Bharati’, which broadcast film songs at listeners’ requests. In 1957, All India Radio included the popular channel ‘Vividh Bharati’. Soon, sponsored programs and advertisements began to be aired along with songs on this channel, thus becoming a source of revenue for All India Radio.

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