Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties Question Answer

Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties Question Answer

Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties Question Answer

A citizen of a country is entitled to certain rights. In addition to these rights, each citizen also has certain fundamental duties which are necessary for them to follow. Apart from this, there are some people in a country who do not have the citizenship of that country. Rights are those entitlements expected by an individual that are essential for their personal development and are recognized by society or the state. Generally, rights are considered the foundation of any civilization’s society or culture. Rights and duties complement each other, and adhering to both properly can make life very easy. Rights are what we expect others to do for us, while duties are the actions we perform towards others.

In Section III of the Indian Constitution, there is a provision for such rights. The constitution provides six fundamental rights to Indian citizens. These are: Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, and Right to Constitutional Remedies. In India, there are five provisions made to ensure equal protection of the law and equality before the law for all people. These are: Equality before the law, Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth, Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment, Abolition of untouchability, and Abolition of titles.

The United Nations General Assembly adopted human rights in 1948 and ensured the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Many of these human rights have been included in the Indian Constitution as fundamental rights to make their implementation a legal duty of the government. Those human rights that could not be included as fundamental rights have been included in the directive principles of state policy.

In 1976, the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution added ten fundamental duties under Article 51A in Part IV of the constitution. Unlike fundamental rights, which are enforceable by the judiciary, fundamental duties are not enforceable by the courts. This means that citizens will not be punished for not adhering to fundamental duties. Additionally, after the passage of the Right to Education Act in 2009, a new duty was included. ‘It is the duty of every parent or guardian to provide education opportunities to their child or ward between the ages of 6-14 years.’

Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties Question Answer

Question 1. What are rights and duties? How are they related to each other?
Answer: Rights are entitlements expected by an individual that are essential for their personal development and are recognized by society or the state. Duties are moral and legal obligations that require individuals to perform certain actions. Rights and duties are interdependent. When rights and duties complement each other and both are adhered to properly, life becomes very easy. Rights are what we expect others to do for us, while duties are the actions we perform towards others.

Question 2. Explain the sentence ‘Duties are inherent in rights.’
Answer: Rights and duties are mutually related. Without one, the other is meaningless. In fact, rights are our claims on other individuals, and duties are our obligations towards other individuals. One person’s rights are another person’s duties. They are two sides of the same coin. Hence, it is said that ‘Duties are inherent in rights.’

Question 3. What are the major cultural and educational rights guaranteed by the constitution?
Answer: The constitution, in Articles 29-30, provides for major provisions – protection of the interests of minorities and the right of minority groups to establish and administer educational institutions.

Question 4. What can Tamil, Kannada, and Telugu-speaking people living in Delhi do to preserve their distinct language and culture?
Answer: Any minority group that has its distinct language, script, or culture has the right to preserve it.

Question 5. The right to constitutional remedies is the most important fundamental right. Do you agree with this statement? Give reasons in support of your answer.
Answer: The infringement and violation of fundamental rights have become a significant issue in our daily lives. This is why our constitution does not allow the legislature or the executive to restrict these rights. This right provides legal remedies for the protection of our fundamental rights. This is called the right to constitutional remedies.

Question 6. Which international document on human rights was prepared and passed by the United Nations General Assembly?
Answer: The United Nations General Assembly adopted human rights in 1948 and ensured the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Question 7. List four fundamental rights that are also human rights.
Answer: Four fundamental rights are – Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right to Freedom of Religion, and Cultural and Educational Rights.

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